Warehousing planning scheme should be able to achieve the rapid and accurate flow of goods in warehouse at the lowest possible cost. The realization of this goal can only be achieved through the integration strategy of logistics technology, information technology, cost control and warehouse organization structure.
The logistics planning principles of warehousing systems are not static, depending on the specific circumstances. Under certain occasions, some principles are mutual influence or even contradict each other. In order to make the best design, it is necessary to choose and modify these principles.
System simplification principle
We should standardize packaging and logistics containers according to logistics standardization, and make up standard storage and transportation units for bulk goods such as groceries, grain, beverages, salt, sugar, feed and irregular goods.
It will be beneficial to coordinate the various links in the warehousing system to realize the coordination of the load of the container unit and the transport vehicle, the effective space size, the coordination of the container unit and the loading and unloading equipment, and the coordination of the container unit and the warehousing facilities.
When transferring to other places, it is not necessary to change the equipment, improve the universality, reduce the time of handling operation, reduce the loss and damage of goods, thus saving the cost. At the same time, it simplifies the handling subsystem, reduces the operation and maintenance cost of the system, improves the reliability of the system, and improves the efficiency of warehousing operation.
Principles of graphic design
If there is no special requirement, the logistics in the warehousing system should be realized on the same plane, so as to reduce unnecessary safety protection measures, reduce the utilization rate, low operation efficiency and high energy consumption of hoisting machinery, and improve the efficiency of the system.
Separation principle of logistics and information flow
Modern logistics is logistics supported by computer network. The combination of logistics and information flow solves the control problem of logistics flow, improves the accuracy of system operation, and improves the efficiency of system operation.
If logistics and information flow cannot be separated as soon as possible, it is necessary to set up corresponding logistics information reading devices at each sub-node and joint node of the logistics system, which will inevitably lead to redundancy and increase the cost of the system. If logistics and information flow can be separated as soon as possible, the required information can be identified once and then passed. The computer network can be transmitted to each node to reduce the cost of the system.
The construction of warehouse and the purchase of storage equipment require a lot of money. In order to ensure the efficient work of the warehousing system, it is necessary to configure the equipment with strong pertinence, and the change of social logistics environment may change the variety, specifications and scale of warehousing goods.
Therefore, when re-planning, attention should be paid to the flexibility of mechanical and mechanized systems and the possibility of expanding the operation scale of warehouses.
Principle of minimum number of materials handling
Whether in manual or automatic mode, each material processing need to spend a certain amount of time and cost, through composite operation, or reduce unnecessary movement, or the introduction of equipment that can complete multiple operations at the same time, the number of processing can be reduced.
Short distance to avoid crossing principle of logistics lines
The shorter the moving distance is, the lower the time and cost will be. Avoiding the crossover of logistics routes can solve the problem of cross logistics control and material waiting time, and keep the logistics unblocked.
Cost and benefit principle
In the construction of warehouse and selection of storage equipment, must consider the cost of investment and benefit of the system in principle, meet the demand conditions and reduce investment.
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