The warehousing plan should be able to achieve the fastest and accurate flow of goods in the warehouse at the lowest possible cost. The realization of this goal can only be achieved through the integration strategy of logistics technology, information technology, cost control and organizational structure of warehouses.
The logistics planning principles of warehousing systems are not static, depending on the specific circumstances. Under certain occasions, some principles are mutual influence or even contradict each other. In order to make the best design, it is necessary to choose and modify these principles.
1. The principle of system simplification
The standardization of packaging and logistics containers should be done according to the standardization of logistics, and the standard storage and transportation unit of bulk cargo, grain, drink, salt, sugar, feed and other bulk goods and irregular goods should be made up to realize the load, the fit of the effective space, the assembly unit and the loading and unloading of the loading unit and the transport vehicle. The coordination of the equipment, the assembly unit and the storage facilities will be beneficial to the coordination and coordination of all links in the storage system. In the course of transferring to the other places, it will not need to be replaced, improve the generality, reduce the handling time, reduce the loss and damage of the goods, thus save the cost, but also simplify the handling and handling. The transportation subsystem reduces the operation and maintenance costs of the system, improves the reliability of the system, and improves the efficiency of warehousing operations.
2. The principle of plane design
If there is no special requirement, the logistics in the storage system should be realized on the same plane, thus reducing unnecessary safety protection measures, reducing the utilization rate and working efficiency low and energy consuming heavy lifting machinery, and improving the efficiency of the system.
3. Separation principle of logistics and information flow
Modern logistics is the logistics under the support of computer network. The combination of logistics and information flow solves the problem of controlling the flow direction of the logistics, improves the accuracy of the system operation and improves the efficiency of the system. If the separation of logistics and information flow cannot be realized as soon as possible, the corresponding logistics information literacy device is set up in each point and node of the logistics system. This will cause redundancy and increase the cost of the system. If the logistics and information flow can be separated as soon as possible, the required information can be identified once and then by the plan. The computer network can be transmitted to each node to reduce the cost of the system.
4. The principle of flexibility
The construction of warehouse and the purchase of storage equipment require a lot of money. In order to ensure the efficient work of the storage system, it is necessary to configure the more pertinent equipment, and the changes in the social logistics environment may make the variety, specification and operation scale of the warehouse change. Therefore, when planning again, we should pay attention to the flexibility of mechanical and mechanized systems and the possibility of expanding the scale of operations.
5. The minimum principle of material handling
Whether it is manual or automatic, each material processing requires a certain amount of time and cost. It can reduce the number of processing by compound operation, or by reducing unnecessary movement, or introducing devices that can perform multiple operations at the same time.
6. The shortest movement distance, avoid crossing the principle of logistics lines.
The shorter the moving distance, the lower the required time and cost; to avoid the intersection of logistics lines, the problem of cross logistics control and material waiting time can be solved, and the flow of logistics is kept smooth.
7. The principle of cost and benefit
When we build warehouses and selecting warehousing equipment, we must consider the principles of investment cost and system efficiency. In order to meet the needs of operation, we should minimize investment.
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